JUMPING BAIL - ELEMENTS
No person may be convicted of jumping bail unless the State has proved beyond a reasonable doubt each element of the crime. These elements are:
First, the defendant was (admitted to bail)/(released on recognizance/bond/ undertaking);
Second, in connection with a (felony charge)/(pending appeal/certiorari after a felony conviction);
Third, the defendant (incurred a forfeiture of the bail)/(violated the recognizance/bond/undertaking);
Fourth, the defendant willfully failed to surrender himself/herself within 5 days after the forfeiture of the bail.
Statutory Authority: 22 O.S. 1991, § 1110.
The Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals held in James v. State, 817 P.2d 1279, 1281 (Okl. Cr. 1991), that a forfeiture of bail may occur before the actual collection of the forfeited bond.