DEFENSE OF MENTAL ILLNESS - DEFINITIONS
Mental Illness: A person is mentally ill if that person has a substantial disorder of thought, mood, perception, psychological orientation or memory that significantly impaired judgment, behavior, capacity to recognize reality or ability to meet the ordinary demands of life.
Mental Defect: A person has a mental defect if that person has been diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder which substantially contributed to the act for which the person has been charged.
Antisocial Personality Disorder: An antisocial personality disorder is a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others, occurring since the age of fifteen (15). It is indicated by three or more of the following:
1. Failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful behaviors, as
indicated by repeatedly performing acts that are grounds for arrest.
2. Deceitfulness, as indicated by repeated lying, use of aliases, or conning others for personal profit or pleasure.
3. Impulsivity or failure to plan ahead.
4. Irritability and aggressiveness, as indicated by repeated physical fights or assaults.
5. Reckless disregard for safety of self or others.
6. Consistent irresponsibility, as indicated by repeated failure to sustain consistent work behavior or honor financial obligations.
7. Lack of remorse, as indicated by being indifferent to or rationalizing having hurt, mistreated, or stolen from another.
In addition, 1) the individual is at least eighteen (18) years of age, 2) there is evidence of conduct disorder with onset before fifteen (15) years of age, and 3) the occurrence of antisocial behavior is not exclusively during the course of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.
Statutory Authority: 22 O.S. Supp. 2017, § 1161(H).
Notes on Use
This Instruction should be modified if the definition is modified by a subsequent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5).
The Fifth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders has two definitions of personality disorders, including the antisocial personality disorder. The first definition of antisocial personality disorder is found in Section II, and it has not changed from the definition in the Fourth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). This is the definition shown above.
The DSM-5 also includes an alternative approach to the diagnosis of personality disorder, which is found in Section III. The alternative approach was developed for DSM-5 for further study, and it is "based on a literature review of reliable clinical measures of core impairments central to personality pathology." DSM-5 Appendix, at p. 816. The DSM-5 states: "The current approach to personality disorders appears in Section II of DSM-5, and an alternative model developed for DSM-5 is presented here in Section III. The inclusion of both models in DSM-5 reflects the decision of the APA Board of Trustees to preserve continuity with current clinical practice, while also introducing a new approach that aims to address numerous shortcomings of the current approach to personality disorders." DSM-5, Section III, at 763.